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托福考试写作结尾招式

2015/12/8 17:42:38 标签:  来源:美嘉留学
导读: 托福考试写作不仅要知道如何写好开头,也要有一个完美的结尾。下面美嘉留学专家为大家介绍托福考试写作结尾四大招。 在线咨询

托福考试写作不仅要知道如何写好开头,也要有一个完美的结尾。下面美嘉留学专家为大家介绍托福考试写作结尾四大招。


一、回答问题


E.g.1


When a country develops its technology; the traditional skills and ways of life die out.It is pointless to try and keep them alive.


To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


In conclusion, without suggesting that all technology is necessarily good,I think it is by no means ‘ pointless’,in any way, to try to keep traditions alive with technology.We should not ignore technology,because it can be our friend and support our way of life.


这个结尾段落明确地提出了自己的观点,不是所有的科技都是好的,但是科技也不是完全没有用处的。


二、2-3个句子为宜


E.g.3


Some people believe that children’s leisure activities must be educational; otherwise they are a complete waste of time.Do you agree or disagree?Finally,I think it is also important to remember that children need to relax as well as work.If everything they do must have some educational or academic relevance,then they will soon get tired of studying altogether,which is the last thing parents would want.


2句话,作者的态度很明确,学生不可能花所有的时间去学习,否者就会完全失去对学习的兴趣,所以也应该给学生一些放松的时间。


一般在结尾段的最开始部分,考生就应该给考官一个明确的信号词,让考官了解文章已经进入尾声了。这里所谓的信号词就是一些结尾段的套句:


信号词:Finally, to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, therefore, thus, overall


句型:


1. it can be concluded that…


2. we can find that…


3. I think it is also important to remember that


4. the main point is to make sure that


5. I believe that/ Personally, I think that/ I would say that/ I agree that/ My view is that


三、不要添加新的信息


E.g.2


Happiness is considered to be very important in life.


Why is it difficult to define? What factors are important in achieving happiness?Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve’ but I think these are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness.


用一句话明确自己的观点,幸福很难定义,可能有两个因素起到作用。


四、可采用的技巧


1.总结式(重述前文)


把在前文中的观点在结尾段进行重述,但是不能出现与开头段或者题目中的单词重复。


E.g.4


*In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour.


What do you think are the cause of this?


What solutions can you suggest?


Perhaps parenting classes are needed to help them to do this,and high quality nursery schools could be established that would support families more in terms of raising the next generation.The government should fund this kind of parental support,because this is no longer a problem for individual families,but for society as a whole.


把solutions进行简单地再次描写--父母、好的托儿所、政府的资金扶助。


*Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish.Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?


I think,therefore,that governments need to raise this awareness in the generalpublic.Children can be educated about environmental issues at school,but adults need to take action.Governments can encourage such action by putting taxes on packaging,such as plastic bags,by providing recycling services and by fining households and shops that do not attempt to recycle their waste.


重述上文的内容,由政府采取措施—提高意识(children & adult)


具体措施(提高价格、循环利用、罚款)


2.两分式


把文章涉及到的主题人或者物分成两种,对其进行分别的说明。


E.g.5


*In many countries children are engaged in some kind of paid work.Some people regard this ad completely wrong,while others consider it as valuable work experience,important for learning and taking responsibility.What are your opinions on this?


Nevertheless,in better economic circumstances,few parents would choose to send their children out to full-time paid work.If learning responsibilities and work experienceare considered to be important,then children can acquire these by having light,part-time jobs or even doing tasks such as helping their parents around the family home,which are unpaid,but undoubtedly of value in children’s development。


对于有钱的家庭而言,家长很少送小孩去做童工;如果是为了钱或者其他,可做兼职。


*Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change.Others,however,think that change is always a good thing.


Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.


In conclusion,I would say that change can be stimulating and energizing for individuals when they pursue it themselves,but that all change,including that which is imposed on people,does not necessarily have good outcomes.


如果是人们自己的选择那么改变是一件好的事情,但如果是被强加于身,改变则不会带来任何可喜的效果。


3.折中式


很难判断In conclusion, I do not think其中到底谁占据主导地位,或者什么是最重要的,两者是缺一不可的,需共同存在。


E.g.6


Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any experiences we may have in our life.


That either nature or nurture is the major influence on a person,but that both have powerful effects.How these factors interact is still unknown today and they remain largely unpredictable in a person’s life.


两者是缺一不可的,天赋和后天培养同等重要。


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